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Idea to hand over some Afghan provinces to Taleban, a Pakistan plot – paper
BBC Monitoring South Asia
July 05, 2013

Taliban fighters pose with their weapons in the main bazaar of Kandahar, Afghanistan, on November 2, 2001. [Back to square one]

Text of editorial in Dari headlined “Another satanic conspiracy by hypocrite Pakistanis” published in afghan newspaper Arman-e Melli Daily on 4 July

In continuation to its interference and conspiracies against the Afghan people and government, Pakistan has plotted another conspiracy with a new mischievous plan in which the Pakistani prime minister`s political advisor has proposed to the Afghan ambassador in Islamabad to divide Afghanistan and hand over some provinces to the Taleban. This indecency and shamelessness of Pakistani officials show that Pakistani politicians have very heinous and vicious intensions about Afghanistan despite claims of helping Afghanistan to achieve peace and stability. They will not stop plotting against Afghanistan.

Handing over a few provinces to the Taleban actually means handing over parts of Afghanistan to Pakistan and Pakistani troops so that Generals of Pakistani spy agency ISI, rule over the provinces in the garb of governors. If one accepts this proposal, parts of Afghanistan will belong to Pakistan and turn into a province of Pakistan.

The Afghan people know quite well that the Taleban criminals are walking in line with the Pakistani spy agency`s interest. They only think about implementing the Pakistani military`s programmes.

The Afghan people suffered enough miseries during the five-year rule of the Taleban. The Taleban killed and massacred innocent people and forced them to leave their houses. These criminals burnt farmlands and destroyed economic establishments and cultural legacies and ... [ellipses as published]. The Pakistanis committed these crimes through their servants, the Taleban, in Afghanistan.

Nawaz Sharif should remember that the Afghan people will never forget when he said the destruction of the 100-year old Afghan army is his government`s achievement.

With experience from the past and by taking into account the Afghan people`s knowledge about the Pakistani military`s amnesty and conspiracies against Afghanistan, God willing, conspiracies of the Pakistanis will be neutralized in its core hereafter as the Afghan people will stand against these conspiracies to their last breath.

The Pakistan politicians should stop plotting against the Afghan people and honestly cooperate with Afghanistan to achieve peace and stability.

Source: Arman-e Melli Daily, in Dari, Kabul 4 July, 13, P1

© 2013 The British Broadcasting Corporation. All Rights Reserved. Corporation.

Taleban ready to talk to USA, but not Afghan government - US envoy
BBC Monitoring South Asia
July 04, 2013

Text of report by privately-owned Afghan Ariana TV on 3 July

[Presenter] US Special Envoy for Afghanistan and Pakistan James Dobbins says the Taleban are ready for talks with the US government but that they are trying to convince the Taleban to hold talks with the Afghan government. He says it may take several months to convince the Taleban to agree to the peace talks. He also said that he is not counting on the peace agreement with the Taleban. Meanwhile, some Afghan observers say that US officials can hold talks on behalf of the Afghan government and inquire about the Taleban`s conditions for peace talks.

[Correspondent] US Special Envoy for Afghanistan and Pakistan James Dobbins says the Taleban are not willing to talk to the Afghan government, but are ready for negotiations with the United States. He says a peaceful and transparent transition of political power in Afghanistan can guarantee the future of this country.

[US Special Envoy for Afghanistan and Pakistan James Dobbins, captioned] The Taleban are certainly ready to talk to the United States, but we are insisting that they also need to talk to the government of Afghanistan.

[Correspondent] Dobbins said at least some elements of the Taleban understand that they cannot simply go back to where they were in 2000, that the country had seen too much progress in many respects.

[US Special Envoy for Afghanistan and Pakistan James Dobbins, captioned] I think we may be able to negotiate some interim steps to reduce the violence and perhaps advance some other causes. And each step will have to be verified and confirmed and executed before we move on to the next step.

[Correspondent] Some Afghan observers say that both Kabul and Washington should be flexible in talks with the Taleban as the Taleban hold most of the winning cards and they may want to impose some of their conditions on the Afghan and US governments.

[Afghan observer Wahid Mozhda, captioned] The Taleban did not ask to have an office in Qatar and they will continue this fight for years and years. The US government has asked to have an office and now they should show more flexibility and agree on some of the issues. Otherwise, I think the Taleban will simply close their office and continue with the violence and this is not in the interests of Afghans.

[Correspondent] According to his recent remarks, James Dobbins does not seem optimistic about peace talks with the Taleban and it looks as if the Taleban are still insisting on a number of major conditions, which include the complete withdrawal of foreign forces, the formation of a transition government and amendments to the current constitution.

Source: Ariana TV, Kabul, in Dari 1530 gmt 3 Jul 13

© 2013 The British Broadcasting Corporation. All Rights Reserved. Corporation.

Paper accuses Britain of being no friend to Afghanistan
BBC Monitoring South Asia
July 04, 2013

Excerpt from article, “Need for talks with chosen leaders and sides to end Afghan crisis”, by state-owned Afghan newspaper Hewad on 1 July

Afghan and British leaders discussed peace and verbal support and assistance for Afghanistan once again in Kabul the day before yesterday [29 Jun 13]. British Prime Minister David Cameron had come on an unannounced visit and after meeting British soldiers in Helmand, he met the President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, Hamed Karzai, at the presidential palace in Kabul. He then participated in a news conference. Mr Cameron said that the countries involved in the Afghan peace process were committed to Afghanistan`s unity. Mr Cameron made these remarks after an office was opened for the Taleban in Qatar against the pledges made by many leaders of the world, including Cameron and Barack Obama, that they want peace in Afghanistan and after the office started some activities against national interests. Unfortunately, peace cannot be ensured because of the lack of efforts by these world leaders. They support Afghan peace on the one hand and they prevent it on the other. In this situation, the remarks and promises made by every leader and speaker are viewed with doubt. Anyway, Britain is an important part of the Afghan issue. This country has handled the situation in Afghanistan to suit its interests since late the 17th century.

[Passage omitted: Afghans fought the British well in the past]

The people call the presence of the British forces in Afghanistan another war, but this time, they have not come alone. They have come with NATO. For this reason, Britain has controlled the situation in Afghanistan for several centuries and they try to turn the situation to their favour. Pakistan is the biggest base of Britain. No matter what plans are made in Pakistan, including terrorism and destructive plans for the region and the world, Britain ignores it and does not allow other US-led NATO countries to prevent Pakistan. When Pakistan started a operate through a number of sold and fake Taleban representatives in Qatar against the Afghan national interests, the Afghan government reacted strongly. The USA`s attention was also drawn to it and it supported Afghanistan`s stance. Therefore, the US brought down the Taleban emirate`s flag and sign from the Qatar office and warned that they would close the office if they were not ready for the peace talks.

The British prime minister came to Afghanistan in the meantime. The British Prime Minister, David Cameron has assured the Afghan government at a joint news conference with the Afghan president that the countries involved in the peace process with the Taleban want peace. President Hamed Karzai clearly said that they will not allow anyone to derail the peace process and to impose feudalism on the people. Speaking at a joint news conference with Prime Minister David Cameron, Hamed Karzai said that Britain should give full assurance in this regard, because such efforts were also made in Qatar to divide Afghanistan, but it is not acceptable for Afghans to divide Afghanistan, to hand over some provinces to a specific group or to break up Afghan territory. The Durand Line is over 100 years old, but Afghans on both sides of the line have not been separated from each other.

Meanwhile, the British Prime Minister has said that his country was planning to build an academy to train the Afghan forces after 2014. “There will be no combat forces present in Afghanistan after 2014. We were in 130 different centres before, but we have gathered in 10 bases now and we will reduce the number to four by the end of the year” he said.

Britain has 8,000 soldiers in Helmand that fight militarily in the name of the war on terror, but terrorists are trained in Pakistan. Afghans are extremely fed up with this fight where the main nests of terrorism are overlooked and civilians are killed here in Afghanistan in the name of this evil [terrorism]. When peace is negotiated with the Taleban, Afghans must be involved. These talks should be held in accordance with the Afghans` demands and other goals must not be pursued behind the scenes which may contradict national and religious values in Afghanistan, because peace in Afghanistan is very important for the region and the world.

Taking the above into consideration, India has said that a strong Afghanistan is needed in the region. India says that a strong Afghanistan and India are needed in order to address the region`s need for energy. According to India, these two countries are a priority for Central Asia, because access is easy to Central Asia through these countries. China has also made investments in Afghanistan and it does not want Afghanistan to be insecure and destabilized for malicious goals. It is not just Afghans who want peace in the country but also the regional countries want the wars to end in Afghanistan so that they can take advantage of the country`s strategic importance. Therefore, the efforts of the historic enemies will fail and this country will enjoy strong security and stability provided that the Afghan government talks with the peace-seeking and trusted leaders on both sides of the Durand Line as well as with Indian and Chinese leaders to find an appropriate solution.

Source: Hewad, Kabul, in Dari 1 Jul 13

© 2013 The British Broadcasting Corporation. All Rights Reserved. Corporation.

No lasting political agreement, if Afghanistan has no key role – Paper
BBC Monitoring South Asia
July 04, 2013

Text of editorial headlined “Cold relations” published in afghan newspaper Hasht-e Sobh on 2 July

Pakistani PM Nawaz Sharif and Afghan President Hamed Karzai spoke to each other yesterday in connection to political efforts to end the war. According to reports, during the conversation, President Karzai told Nawaz Sharif that he would not visit Islamabad until he is sure about Pakistan`s honest cooperation. It seems that this is President Karzai`s first serious conversation with Nawaz Sharif regarding political efforts. It seems that the visit by British PM David Cameron to the region prepared the ground for the telephone conversation between the two leaders. The problem is that even though Pakistan is dishonest towards Afghanistan, it cooperates with Western countries in connection to the political efforts. The US media outlets have disclosed that Pakistan has had a role in planning of the opening of Taleban office in Qatar.

In fact, the office in Qatar was planned with Pakistani mediation and Pakistanis also played a role in US-Taleban secret talks in 2011. This shows that Pakistani generals and politicians are much interested in talks between Americans and the Taleban, but not with Kabul, and that is why they did not accept President Karzai`s request to pave the way for talks between Kabul and the Taleban, for several years now. Pakistanis have always played with Kabul based on fraud and deception.

Pakistani generals had given firm promise to Mr Karzai that they would help make the Taleban get ready for talks with Kabul but they failed to take any practical step on this, while Kabul has been getting overwhelmed with joy.

President Karzai and some of his colleagues had taken Pakistanis` promises seriously. They had been overwhelmed with joy so much that they even thought that suicide terrorists were peace messengers. But Kabul gradually understood that there was contradiction in words and actions of Pakistanis and that was why relations suddenly clouded and are currently very strained.

President Karzai refused Nawaz Sharif`s invitation to visit Islamabad and Nawaz Sharif also hasn`t answered President Karzai`s invitation to visit Kabul.

The Taleban officials travelled to Arab and European countries for talks with Americans from Pakistan and Pakistan also mediated these talks. Also, with regards to the Qatar office the Pakistani army cooperated with USA and NATO member-states. If Pakistanis had not cooperated, talks would have not been held between the Taleban and Westerners.

The Pakistanis have hoped for a long time that Taleban come to the negotiation table with Westerners. After David Cameron`s visit to Islamabad, Mawlana Fazl al-Rahman, recognized as the Taleban`s spiritual father, issued a statement, which mentions that Pakistan had wished ten years ago that the West should negotiate with the Taleban but Westerners did not accept. It now seems that Pakistani military and extremist circles have achieved their wish. But both Pakistanis and other players should understand that any kind of political agreement would not last long without central role of Afghan government and important political circles. The Western countries have spent a lot of money to strengthen the government and foster democracy, so it is irrational to jeopardize all achievements to achieve some tactical and short-lived objectives, and to prepare the ground for exit.

Source: Hasht-e Sobh, Kabul in Dari 2 Jul, p2

© 2013 The British Broadcasting Corporation. All Rights Reserved. Corporation.

Paper welcomes UN offer of mediation in Afghan peace process
BBC Monitoring South Asia
July 04, 2013

Text of editorial, UN mediation and supervision of the peace process, by Afghan newspaper Daily Afghanistan, part of the Afghanistan newspaper group, on 3 July

The United Nations has said that it is prepared to mediate in peace talks between the Taleban and the government of Afghanistan. During his trip to Kabul, the deputy secretary general of the United Nations stressed that if the peace process enters a deadlock and the government of Afghanistan requests the United Nations to mediate, his organization is ready to help with the process.

This is not the first time that the United Nations has offered to play the role of mediator in the peace process. By proposing the Ashgabat Conference four months ago, the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan announced its desire to mediate between the Taleban and the government of Afghanistan, but the Taleban refused to accept the offer.

Previously, the United Nations was indifferent to the peace process, but it now seems to want to provide oversight to the peace process. Entry of the United Nations as mediator and observer of the peace process may end the current deadlock in the peace process and put an end to the rivalries and factional competition in this process. The peace process has so far been furthered by two fronts: the front of the United States and its allies in Qatar and the front of the government of Afghanistan and neighbours in Kabul, Riyadh and Islamabad. The two fronts have not cooperated with each other. On the contrary, they have worked to undermine each other. The lack of trust between these two fronts negotiating with the Taleban has prompted the Taleban to continue to stress their hard-line position and respond with bombings and suicide attacks to the repeated requests for reconciliation from the government of Afghanistan.

Meanwhile, the way the government of Afghanistan has furthered peace talks has raised many questions among the public and created distrust in the process among the citizenry.

With the arrival of the United Nations, however, a new ray of hope for peace has appeared in Afghanistan.

Although many peace efforts have been made so far and these efforts have been stepped up recently, the Taleban`s response has been negative, as usual. The Taleban have continuously rejected talks with the government of Afghanistan and demanded the unconditional withdrawal of foreign forces from the country. The government of Afghanistan has also demanded that insurgent groups lay down their arms, accept the constitution and preserve the gains of the past 10 years, especially women`s rights and the rights of minorities.

Absence of a reliable mediator between inimical parties in Afghanistan is an Achilles` Heel in the peace process. With the arrival of the United Nations in this arena, this gap seems to have been filled. The United Nations can play an important role in restoring peace in Afghanistan. Its offer to break the deadlock and prevent civilian casualties in the current situation could not come at a better time. There is hope that the United Nations will once again be able to play an important role in ending violence and bringing peace to Afghanistan. Even if this objective is not achieved in the short-term, the UN efforts are valuable in principle and will pave the way for peace in the long run.

Source: Daily Afghanistan, Kabul, in Dari and Pashto 3 Jul 13

© 2013 The British Broadcasting Corporation. All Rights Reserved. Corporation.

Nation has little reason to trust MPs - Afghan paper
BBC Monitoring South Asia
July 04, 2013

Text of article, “What is the problem and what is the lower house of parliament engaged in?”, by privately-owned Afghan daily Sarnawesht on 2 July

When the nation`s new representatives entered parliament in 1389 [2010], they turned parliament into a centre of trouble, corruption, insults and bottle attacks, because some made their way into the lower house through clean votes, some through fraud and others with the use of money. They held four or five rounds of elections for the Speaker of the house. But they could not hold a proper election. It has been three years since the lower house started its activities, but it has done nothing other than create trouble and waste time. London and Pakistan are busy partitioning Afghanistan, while MPs are engaged in insulting discussions over whether we should say Danishgah [Farsi for university] or Pohantun [Pashto].

The energy minister, Esmail Khan, has been deceiving the nation for quite a long time, but the house is not reacting at all. I still remember how when Esmail Khan came to Helmand, he promised reporters that he would soon start working on a third turbine of the Kajaki power station and would provide Kandahar and Lashkargah towns with imported electricity. But he did not keep his promise. He has also lied to the people of other areas. MPs shouted one day that the ministers of interior and defence should be impeached because they believed that the ministers were not competent and had not responded properly to Pakistan`s shelling of Konar. We saw how Besmellah Mohammadi was one day disqualified, but the next day he secured a vote of confidence from the same MPs as the minister of defence and became competent overnight.

The nation knows whether MPs do this for the sake of Afghanistan or for their own pockets. A Radio Liberty reporter, Jan Aqa Alkuzai, once asked MP Abdorrahim Ayubi why he does not disclose evidence about the involvement of a number of MPs in corruption and Ayubi replied: “I will produce evidence, but who will drag the MPs to the attorney-general`s office?” The Anti-corruption Department has told the media many times that it has presented evidence about the involvement of many in corruption to the Attorney-General`s Office, but the documents are missing. Ayubi also said that: “Money is distributed to MPs in the toilets in the parliament building on the impeachment day of ministers.” Ayubi fulfilled his responsibility at least to some extent and told the nation something.

The nation did not know whether the lower house was resolving their problems or taking money in toilets. The impeachment of 11 ministers became a disputed issue and finally, Hamidzai Lalay and Majidi clashed. The clash erupted over whether the lower house should first discuss the annual budget or continue discussions over the impeachment of 11 ministers. However, MP from Herat Majidi shamelessly told the media that he and Hamidzai Lalay clashed with each other, but no-one was injured. I once asked one of my old friends, who is now an MP, why they waste time on minor issues. Britain and Pakistan are busy partitioning Afghanistan, the president is shouting that some neighbouring countries want to impose feudalism in Afghanistan, but MPs have not yet reacted to this at all.

My MP friend became angry and told me - you are a journalist at the level of Helmand, do not intervene in major issues. He thought he was a very influential figure at a time when the nation no longer trusts such MPs. The nation is so fed up that it does not regard some MPs even as humans. I asked another MP from Helmand why they not appear on TV channels like other MPs, he said: “Man, you can make money without speaking to the media. Why do we need to speak to the media and uselessly appear on the media?” When the president went to Denmark to sign the strategic pact with it, he met Denmark-based Afghans. They complained to the president that MPs have distributed departments in Helmand Province to each other and each department gives money to an MP.

The entire nation knows about Hazrat Omar Zakhelwal`s story the day he was summoned for impeachment. But, instead of being impeached, he revealed the names of five MPs who were, according to him, involved in corruption. Zakhelwal openly spoke against some MPs. According to him, one of them is involved in smuggling alcoholic beverages, another demanded illegal documents for vehicles and some were involved in smuggling flour and oil. Zakhelwal is not a white angel either. He also faced many allegations. According to SIGAR [Special Inspector General for Afghanistan`s Reconstruction], the stealing of 25m dollars, the 20 per cent decrease in the country`s revenues, bribes to a private communications company, the lack of tax collection, a missing 25m dollars given by the World Bank to Afghanistan, the lack of an increase in taxes on cigarette imports, the appointment of relatives to high-ranking government positions handling revenues, insulting of the lower house and exploitation of the Ariana Afghan Airlines are the allegations which MPs leveled against the finance minister.

But, I blame MPs for not appearing before the Attorney-General`s office. Parliaments in other countries are the parliaments of their people, they speak for their people and do not pursue personal benefits. But, a number of MPs in our parliament are busy filling their pockets only. What expectations will the nation have of this house? A number of our MPs are in parliament and simultaneously running illegal businesses. The world is playing with the fate of Afghanistan. However, a number of our MPs shout for the sake of Iran and some in support of Pakistan and some say that the name Afghan should be removed from national identity cards and ethnicity should be written instead. They are engaged in futile issues, which is a shame. Some MPs themselves admit that the nation does not trust them.

I believe that Afghans will no longer eagerly take part in parliamentary elections. People are also responsible for not electing the right candidates to parliament. If people had elected patriotic MPs, no-one would have seen them clashing with each other on television, and they would instead be taking a decision on every national issue on time. Anyway, this is our country and people should go to the presidential, parliamentary and provincial council elections, but must avoid regional, ethnic and language discrimination while voting for their desired candidates. If the nation votes for patriotic people, they will serve the country, people and soil. Otherwise, the nation will continue to suffer and MPs will enjoy travelling in Kabul in armoured vehicles.

Source: Sarnawesht, Kabul, in Pashto 2 Jul 13

© 2013 The British Broadcasting Corporation. All Rights Reserved. Corporation.




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